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ERNW White Paper 66

Medical Device Security: A Survey of the Current State

Digital networking is already commonplace throughout many spheres of life. Although almost every week major security vulnerabilities in devices and their incorporated software are disclosed [cf. KrackAttack (Vanhoef, 2018), EternalBlue] or reports about hacked companies are published (The Guardian, 2017), (The Guardian, 2017), (CNBC LLC., 2015) many new devices are integrated in networks. This trend is also entering health care industry, where an increasing number of medical devices is connected to the hospitals’ network or the internet to interchange sensitive health data to work as a unit. The precarious fact about this trend is the highly complex and critical field of application, as well as the long operating life and intensive use of the devices. A defective or manipulated device may be massive threat to a patient’s life and may lead to serious harm.